In California, 2018 may be labeled as the “Year of the Benchmark”. In 2018, California implements its AB 802 statute, Los Angeles begins its Existing Building Energy and Water Efficiency Ordinance (EBEWE) (December 1st, 2017 for properties over 100,000 square feet to be more exact), and Berkeley implements its Building Energy Savings Ordinance (BESO) program. And, the City of San Francisco continues its Existing Commercial Building Energy Performance ordinance.
The goal of most of these new programs is to improve energy efficiency (and water efficiency) in commercial buildings and multi-family housing. (AB 802 does not include water consumption while the San Francisco program addresses only commercial buildings and does not include water.) Reducing energy consumption via energy efficiency is far more cost effective than new, lower cost energy alternatives. In fact, the cheapest energy is the energy you don’t have to produce in the first place.
Off course, energy efficiency measures reduce the state’s need for carbon-spewing power plants, and help California’s mission to address climate change by cutting greenhouse-gas emissions.
Buildings, both commercial and residential, account for 41% of the energy consumed in California. This is more than transportation (22%) or industrial (30%). So, addressing energy efficiency in buildings can have a big impact. The best places to look for energy savings are Heating (22%), Cooling (15%), Lighting (11%) and Hot Water (9%).
It is somewhat unfortunate that the State of California has lagged behind the cities in addressing energy efficiency because the various municipal programs have different requirements for reporting. AB 802 addresses buildings over 50,000 square feet, while the Los Angeles requirement applies to buildings equal to 20,000 square feet or more, and the Berkeley program applies to buildings as small as 5,000 square feet.
Plus, the building-type exemptions differ. For instance AB 802 exempts Federal buildings, condominiums and buildings that have 50% or more of the space used for manufacturing and industrial purposes or laboratories with a controlled environment. Los Angeles exempts film studios, hotels, hospitals regulated by OSHPD and State and Federal buildings. Berkeley exempts few building types.
Other exemptions for vacancies, planned demolition, and occupancy permits differ somewhat by jurisdiction. It can be difficult to know which building must report to the city but not the state or vice versa.
To help property managers easily identify which of their buildings must report to which jurisdictions Pegasus Energy Solutions has assembled two comparison tables for each City ordinance versus the AB 802 statute. The first two of these tables are shown below for AB 802 versus the Los Angeles EBEWE.
California AB 802 vs. Los Angeles EBEWE
|STATUTE||BUILDING TYPE||BUILDING SIZE (SQ FT)||INITIAL REPORTING DATE||FREQUENCY||WATER INCLUDED?||FILING FEES|
|California AB 802||Commercial||>50,000||6/1/2018||Annual on June 1||No||No|
|Residential >17 utility accouints||>50,000||6/1/2019||Annual on June 1||No||No|
|Los Angeles (EBEWE)||Commercial & Residential||>100,000||12/1/2017||Annual on June 1||Yes||$64.66|
|Municipal||>7,500||12/1/2017||Annual on June 1||Yes||$64.66|
|Commercial & Residential||>50,000||6/1/2018||Annual on June 1||Yes||$64.66|
|Commercial & Residential||>50,000||6/1/2019||Annual on June 1||Yes||$64.66|
*The Los Angeles EBEWE excludes one and two family homes
Comparison of Benchmark Reporting Requirements
|BUILDING TYPE/CONDITION||AB802 REPORTING REQUIRED||EBEWE REPORTING REQUIRED|
|Buildings in which more than half of the gross floor area is used for manufacturing of industrial purposes||NO||YES|
|Buildings in which more than half of the gross floor area is used for scientific experiments requiring a controlled environment||NO||YES|
|Single-family homes and duplexes||NO||NO|
|Buildings owned by the State of California||YES||NO|
|Buildings owned by the Federal Government||NO||NO|
|Hospitals regulated by OSHPD||YES||NO|
|Residential hotels, sound stages, and other TV and film production facilities||YES||NO|
|Buildings benchmarked in compliance with an exempted local ordinance||NO||N/A|
|OTHER BENCHMARK REPORTING REQUIREMENTS||AB 802||EBEWE|
|Include water usage in benchmark||NO||YES|
|Include bulk delivered fuels||YES||YES|
|Include on-site generated electricity by solar or wind power||YES||YES|
Assembly Bill AB 802
A building meeting any one of the following conditions is exempt from the reporting requirement:
a. The building did not have a Certificate of Occupancy or temporary Certificate of Occupancy during the calendar year for which reporting to the Energy Commission is required.
b. The building is scheduled for demolition one year or less from the reporting date.
c. The building is covered by a local building Energy use benchmarking program listed on the Energy Commission website.
Los Angeles EBEWE
The owner of a building subject to the ordinance shall NOT be required to file a benchmark report of a reporting year if any of the following conditions apply:
a. The building did not have a Certificate of Occupancy or Temporary Certificate of Occupancy for the entire calendar year required to be benchmarked.
b. The entire building was not occupied, due to renovation, for the entire calendar year required to be benchmarked.
c. The demolition permit for the entire building has been issued and demolition work has commenced on or before the benchmarking report is due for that calendar year.
d. The building did not receive energy or water services for the entire calendar year required to be benchmarked.
If you believe that your building does not fall within the scope of the ordinance, or if the building meets one of the above exemptions, contact LADBS at 213-482-0476 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for a determination.